A psychological disorder according to psychologists is an ongoing dysfunctional pattern of thought, emotion, and behavior that causes significant distress and is considered deviant in that person’s culture or society.
Like medical problems, psychological disorders have both biological as well as environmental influences. They are usually out of the patient’s control and in some cases be treated by drugs. Moreover, these causal influences are indicated in the bio-psycho-social model of illness.
The bio-psycho-social model of illness is an avenue of understanding psychological disorder that assumes that a specific disorder is caused by biological, psychological and social factors. Firstly, the biological component refers to the influences that come from the functioning of the individual’s body or genetics. Secondly, the psychological component refers to the influences that come from the mind of an individual like patterns of negative thinking and stress responses. Lastly, the social component refers to the influences due to social and cultural factors for example socioeconomic status, abuse and discrimination.
Studies explained human problems as a result of coping with arduous early experiences. They all start out as manners to avoid hurting, immense and unbearable feelings. Usually, as the original purpose loses its importance, the behavioral patterns remain but are now considered dysfunctional and life-limiting. The most intense resistance to positive change comes from fear of the complex feelings that caused the patterns to be preserved and has also remained in the same placed.
One cannot help by ask this question, “Why do dysfunctional patterns remain, even though they have become a liability?”
Psychotherapy makes a lifelong influence and may bring about a positive influence on the thought and behavior pattern. In order to treat disabling conditions, it is imperative to understand the distorted patterns of thought, becoming aware of emotional disputes that are not evident or practice new behaviors. Acceptance and belongingness are paramount in understanding dysfunctional patterns of thought and behavior. At the heart of this is an assumption that a person’s mood is directly related to the patterns of thought and behavior. Negative dysfunctional thinking affects a person’s personality such as the mood, sense of self, behavior and even physical state. It is foremost to help a person learn to recognize negative patterns of thought and behavior, evaluate their validity and substitute them with healthier alternatives of thinking.
In the process, dysfunctional thinking should be lessen or eliminated by changing the patterns of behavior that stems from it. Negative thoughts and behaviors predispose a person to depression and make it nearly impossible to elude its downward helicoid. According to experts, when patterns of thought and behavior are changed, so is the mood.
Once this has been established and recognized, it will be easier to eliminate the known dysfunctional patterns of thought and behavior that are not serving the person well. Observe and see if the patterns resonate in situations where thinking or feeling is not particularly effective. The best way to know this is to challenge your own way of thinking. Through this, distorted thought and behavior patterns will be easily recognized.